Formic acid is a colorless liquid having a highly pungent, penetrating odor at room temperature.

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The function(s) performed by the food additive when used in cooking.

  • Preservative - Helps protect against food deterioration caused by micro-organisms

Data according to various sources such as fao, fda, codex. Spot a mistake? Tell us!

Country Status Matched Term
United States
Approved Formic acid (x-ref - Ethyl formate)
European Union
Not Permitted
Australia and New Zealand
Not Permitted
Philippines
Matching Terms Not Found
Belgium
Not Permitted
Austria
Not Permitted
Bulgaria
Not Permitted
Cyprus
Not Permitted
Czech Republic
Not Permitted
Denmark
Not Permitted
Estonia
Not Permitted
Finland
Not Permitted
France
Not Permitted
Germany
Not Permitted
Greece
Not Permitted
Hungary
Not Permitted
Ireland
Not Permitted
Italy
Not Permitted
Latvia
Not Permitted
Lithuania
Not Permitted
Luxembourg
Not Permitted
Malta
Not Permitted
Netherlands
Not Permitted
Poland
Not Permitted
Portugal
Not Permitted
Romania
Not Permitted
Slovakia
Not Permitted
Slovenia
Not Permitted
Spain
Not Permitted
Sweden
Not Permitted
United Kingdom
Not Permitted
Australia
Not Permitted
New Zealand
Not Permitted

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Banned in some countries - yes

236 - Formic acid: Avoid it, banned in some countries.

Food Reactions - Food Intolerance, Allergy & Adverse Reactions

Banned in some countries - yes

236 - Formic acid: Formic acid is used as a preservative in food, and also in manufacture of leather and preparation of latex rubber. It occurs naturally in ants, is completely soluble in water, and in solution exists as hydrogen-bonded dimers. It is industrially synthesised from carbon monoxide, and is thought to exist in two resonance forms. Formic acid has diuretic properties. Avoid it. Banned in Australia. Other names: formylic acid, hydrogen carboxylic acid, methanoic acid.

MBM Foods

Recommended for consumption by children - no

236 - Formic acid: Not permitted in Australia. Diuretic, Can cause skin problems and urinary disorders.

Angelfire-Food Intolerance, Allergies and Adverse Reactions

Linked to cancer - yes

236 - Formic acid: Has been linked to cancer.

Traditional Oven - Dangerous Food Additives

Methanoic Acid
Aminic acid
Formylic acid
Hydrogen carboxylic acid
Methanoic acid

Collection of sources used to create this food additive summary.

Source
Food Standards Australia New Zealand
JECFA (Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives)
JECFA (Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives)
UK Food Guide
UK Food Standards Agency
U.S. Food and Drug Administration
Wikipedia

Lists the U.S. CAS (Chemical Abstracts Service) registry number and EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) numbers when known.

  • CAS Number: 64-18-6
  • EINECS Number: 200-579-1

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