Sodium hydrogen carbonate, 500 (ii), is a subclass of Sodium carbonates (E500 ).

Sodium bicarbonate is a white solid that is crystalline but often appears as a fine powder.

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The function(s) performed by the food additive when used in cooking.

  • Acidity regulator - Regulates the acidity or alkalinity of a food
  • Anticaking agent - Helps prevent food particles from sticking together
  • Raising agent - A substance which increases dough volume by producing gas

Data according to various sources such as fao, fda, codex. Spot a mistake? Tell us!

Country Status Matched Term
United States
Matching Terms Not Found
European Union
Not Permitted
Australia and New Zealand
Not Permitted
Philippines
Approved Sodium hydrogen carbonate
Austria
Not Permitted
Belgium
Not Permitted
Bulgaria
Not Permitted
Cyprus
Not Permitted
Czech Republic
Not Permitted
Denmark
Not Permitted
Estonia
Not Permitted
Finland
Not Permitted
France
Not Permitted
Germany
Not Permitted
Greece
Not Permitted
Hungary
Not Permitted
Ireland
Not Permitted
Italy
Not Permitted
Latvia
Not Permitted
Lithuania
Not Permitted
Luxembourg
Not Permitted
Malta
Not Permitted
Netherlands
Not Permitted
Poland
Not Permitted
Portugal
Not Permitted
Romania
Not Permitted
Slovakia
Not Permitted
Slovenia
Not Permitted
Spain
Not Permitted
Sweden
Not Permitted
United Kingdom
Not Permitted
Australia
Not Permitted
New Zealand
Not Permitted

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Aggravates food intolerances - maybe

E500 - Sodium carbonates: Regarded as safe in small amounts - some sources list as possible teratogen in large doses

Additive Alert

Halal - yes

E500 - Sodium carbonates: Miscellaneous - Acids and Salts: Carbonates

Muslim Consumer Group

Aggravates food intolerances - maybe

E500 - Sodium carbonates: Large amounts cause corrosion of the gut, gastric upsets, circulation problems.

Angelfire-Food Intolerance, Allergies and Adverse Reactions

Recommended for consumption by children - maybe

E500 - Sodium carbonates: No known adverse effects in small quantities.

Food Reactions - Food Intolerance, Allergy & Adverse Reactions

Synthetic substance - yes

E500 - Sodium carbonates: Sodium hydrogen carbonate (Bicarbonate of soda) is used in food mainly as a raising agent, but also as a base. It is prepared synthetically.

MBM Foods

Synthetic substance - maybe

E500 (i) - Sodium carbonate: Sodium carbonate is naturally occurring in alkaline waters, however it is also synthesised by the Solvay process or by electrolysis of sea water. Sodium carbonate is used as an acidity regulator, particularly in beer making. Excessive ingestion may result in stomach upset. Typical products include beer, baking, soft and fizzy drinks, medications. No known adverse effects in small quantities. May irritate the eyes and respiratory tract.

MBM Foods

Synthetic substance - yes

500 (ii) - Sodium hydrogen carbonate: Sodium hydrogen carbonate (Bicarbonate of soda) is used in food mainly as a raising agent, but also as a base. It is prepared synthetically.

MBM Foods

Synthetic substance - yes

500 (iii) - Sodium sesquicarbonate: Sodium sesquicarbonate occurs naturally in saline waters, it is used as a base. No adverse effects are known.

MBM Foods

Sodium bicarbonate
Acidosan
Baking soda
Bicarbonate of soda
Carbonic acid sodium salt (1:1)
Jusonin
Meylon
Sodium acid carbonate
Sodium hydrocarbonate
Sodium hydrogen carbonate
Soludal

Collection of sources used to create this food additive summary.

Source
Codex Alimentarius
Food Standards Australia New Zealand
UK Food Guide
UK Food Standards Agency
U.S. Food and Drug Administration
Wikipedia

Lists the U.S. CAS (Chemical Abstracts Service) registry number and EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) numbers when known.

  • CAS Number: 144-55-8
  • EINECS Number: 205-633-8

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