White crystalline powder having a characteristic caramel butterscotch odour.

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The function(s) performed by the food additive when used in cooking.

  • Flavour enhancer - Improves the taste and/or aroma of foods

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Data according to various sources such as fao, fda, codex. Spot a mistake? Tell us!

Country Status Matched Term
United States
Matching Terms Not Found
European Union
Not Permitted
Australia and New Zealand
Approved Maltol
Philippines
Approved Maltol
Bulgaria
Not Permitted
Finland
Not Permitted
Austria
Not Permitted
Belgium
Not Permitted
Cyprus
Not Permitted
Czech Republic
Not Permitted
Denmark
Not Permitted
Estonia
Not Permitted
France
Not Permitted
Germany
Not Permitted
Greece
Not Permitted
Hungary
Not Permitted
Ireland
Not Permitted
Italy
Not Permitted
Latvia
Not Permitted
Lithuania
Not Permitted
Luxembourg
Not Permitted
Malta
Not Permitted
Netherlands
Not Permitted
Poland
Not Permitted
Portugal
Not Permitted
Romania
Not Permitted
Slovakia
Not Permitted
Slovenia
Not Permitted
Spain
Not Permitted
Sweden
Not Permitted
United Kingdom
Not Permitted
Australia
Approved Maltol
New Zealand
Approved Maltol

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Halal - yes

636 - Maltol: Miscellaneous - Flavour Enhancers

Muslim Consumer Group

Derived from plant products - yes

636 - Maltol: Derived from the bark of larch trees, pine needles, chicory wood, oils and roasted malt; it may be produced synthetically. Artificial sweetener, flavour enhancer used in baked goods to give a 'fresh baked' taste and smell in bread and cakes, chocolate substitute, soft and fizzy drinks, ice cream, jam. In large quantities it can help aluminium pass into the brain to cause Alzheimer's disease. Sometimes lactose (from cow's milk) is used. It should thus be avoided by vegans. It does not contain lactose and can be used by lactose-intolerant people. Acceptable daily intake (ADI): Up to 2 mg/kg bodyweight. Some countries ban it for babies and young children.

MBM Foods

Derived from animal products (not suitable for vegan) - yes

636 - Maltol: Derived from the bark of larch trees, pine needles, chicory wood, oils and roasted malt; it may be produced synthetically. Artificial sweetener, flavour enhancer used in baked goods to give a 'fresh baked' taste and smell in bread and cakes, chocolate substitute, soft and fizzy drinks, ice cream, jam. In large quantities it can help aluminium pass into the brain to cause Alzheimer's disease. Sometimes lactose (from cow's milk) is used. It should thus be avoided by vegans. It does not contain lactose and can be used by lactose-intolerant people. Acceptable daily intake (ADI): Up to 2 mg/kg bodyweight. Some countries ban it for babies and young children.

MBM Foods

Aggravates food intolerances - yes

636 - Maltol: NOT SAFE FOR BABIES. Hyperactivity, Asthma, Urticaria, Insomnia. As this substance is not suitable for babies under six months we suggest it would be advisable for pregnant and lactating mothers to avoid it also unless/until it is proven safe in these circumstances. In large quantities it can help aluminium pass into the brain to cause Alzheimer's disease.

Angelfire-Food Intolerance, Allergies and Adverse Reactions

Genetically engineered - yes

636 - Maltol: Maltol is won by heating maltose (malt sugar) and lactose (milk sugar). For both basic products, the application of gene technology is possible. Maltose is produced from plant starch during the process of saccharification. Maize starch can partly consist of genetically modified maize, especially when raw materials are imported out of the USA or Argentina. In the EU, genetically modified maize is grown on a comparativelly small area and nonetheless is not used as raw material for foodstuff. This may change in the case that the cultivation of GM maize increases in significance. Ingredients derived from several types of GM maize are approved in the EU. In the future also: starch from potatoes and wheat. Enzymes solubilise plant starch and metabolise it into compounds that are distinguished as ingredients and additives. Several of these enzymes are produced with help of GM microorganisms such as amylases, glucose-isomerase, pullulanase. Lactose: from whey.

GMO Compass

Synthetic substance - yes

636 - Maltol: Derived from the bark of larch trees, pine needles, chicory wood, oils and roasted malt; it may be produced synthetically

DFlock

corps praline
3-hydroxy-2-methyl-4-pyrone
3-hydroxy-2-methyl-4H-pyran-4-one
3-hydroxy-2-methyl-gamma-pyrone
3-hydroxy-2-methylpyran-4-one
larixic acid
larixinic acid
2-methyl pyromeconic acid
2-methyl-3-hydroxy-4-pyrone
2-methyl-3-hydroxypyrone
2-methyl-3-oxy-gamma-pyrone
palatone
talmon
veltol
vetol

Collection of sources used to create this food additive summary.

Source
Codex Alimentarius
Food Standards Australia New Zealand
JECFA (Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives)
UK Food Guide
UK Food Standards Agency
U.S. Food and Drug Administration

Lists the U.S. CAS (Chemical Abstracts Service) registry number and EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) numbers when known.

  • CAS Number: 118-71-8
  • EINECS Number: 204-271-8

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