It is a white solid with a sweet smell that can be described as caramalized sugar and cooked fruit.

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The function(s) performed by the food additive when used in cooking.

  • Flavour enhancer - Improves the taste and/or aroma of foods

Data according to various sources such as fao, fda, codex. Spot a mistake? Tell us!

Country Status Matched Term
United States
Matching Terms Not Found
European Union
Not Permitted
Australia and New Zealand
Approved Ethyl maltol
Philippines
Approved Ethyl Maltol
Austria
Not Permitted
Belgium
Not Permitted
Bulgaria
Not Permitted
Cyprus
Not Permitted
Czech Republic
Not Permitted
Denmark
Not Permitted
Estonia
Not Permitted
Finland
Not Permitted
France
Not Permitted
Germany
Not Permitted
Greece
Not Permitted
Hungary
Not Permitted
Ireland
Not Permitted
Italy
Not Permitted
Latvia
Not Permitted
Lithuania
Not Permitted
Luxembourg
Not Permitted
Malta
Not Permitted
Netherlands
Not Permitted
Poland
Not Permitted
Portugal
Not Permitted
Romania
Not Permitted
Slovakia
Not Permitted
Slovenia
Not Permitted
Spain
Not Permitted
Sweden
Not Permitted
United Kingdom
Not Permitted
Australia
Approved Ethyl maltol
New Zealand
Approved Ethyl maltol

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Aggravates food intolerances - yes

637 - Ethyl maltol: Some concerns about toxicity- more work required.

Additive Alert

Halal - yes

637 - Ethyl maltol: Miscellaneous - Flavour Enhancers

Muslim Consumer Group

Semi-synthetic substance - yes

637 - Ethyl maltol: Derived from maltol chemically. Needs more testing. Base for essences, synthetic artificial flavour and flavour enhancer. Sometimes lactose (from cow's milk) is used. It should thus be avoided by vegans. It does not contain lactose and can be used by lactose-intolerant people. Some countries ban it for babies and young children.

MBM Foods

Aggravates food intolerances - yes

637 - Ethyl maltol: NOT SAFE FOR BABIES. Hyperactivity, Asthma, Urticaria, Insomnia. As this substance is not suitable for babies under six months we suggest it would be advisable for pregnant and lactating mothers to avoid it also unless/until it is proven safe in these circumstances.

Angelfire-Food Intolerance, Allergies and Adverse Reactions

2-ethyl pyromeconic acid
2-ethyl-3-hydroxy-4-pyrone
2-ethyl-3-hydroxy-4H-pyran-4-one
2-ethyl-3-hydroxypyran-4-one
3-hydroxy-2-ethyl-1,4-pyrone
3-hydroxy-2-ethyl-4-pyrone
3-hydroxy-2-ethyl-4H-pyran-4-one
3-hydroxy-2-ethyl-gamma-pyrone

Collection of sources used to create this food additive summary.

Source
Codex Alimentarius
Food Standards Australia New Zealand
JECFA (Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives)
UK Food Guide
UK Food Standards Agency
U.S. Food and Drug Administration
Wikipedia

Lists the U.S. CAS (Chemical Abstracts Service) registry number and EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) numbers when known.

  • CAS Number: 4940-11-8
  • EINECS Number: 225-582-5

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