Red to dark red, crumbly solid or powder. A colouring that makes many foods red. Found in alcoholic drinks, fruit pie fillings, jams, many sweets and even cheeses.

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The function(s) performed by the food additive when used in cooking.

  • Colour - Adds or restores the colour of a food

Data according to various sources such as fao, fda, codex. Spot a mistake? Tell us!

Country Status Matched Term
United States
Matching Terms Not Found
European Union
Approved Cochineal; Carminic acid; Carmines
Australia and New Zealand
Approved Cochineal or carmines or carminic acid
Philippines
Approved Carmines
Japan
Unknown None
Austria
Approved Cochineal; Carminic acid; Carmines
Belgium
Approved Cochineal; Carminic acid; Carmines
Bulgaria
Approved Cochineal; Carminic acid; Carmines
Cyprus
Approved Cochineal; Carminic acid; Carmines
Czech Republic
Approved Cochineal; Carminic acid; Carmines
Denmark
Approved Cochineal; Carminic acid; Carmines
Estonia
Approved Cochineal; Carminic acid; Carmines
Finland
Approved Cochineal; Carminic acid; Carmines
France
Approved Cochineal; Carminic acid; Carmines
Germany
Approved Cochineal; Carminic acid; Carmines
Greece
Approved Cochineal; Carminic acid; Carmines
Hungary
Approved Cochineal; Carminic acid; Carmines
Ireland
Approved Cochineal; Carminic acid; Carmines
Italy
Approved Cochineal; Carminic acid; Carmines
Latvia
Approved Cochineal; Carminic acid; Carmines
Lithuania
Approved Cochineal; Carminic acid; Carmines
Luxembourg
Approved Cochineal; Carminic acid; Carmines
Malta
Approved Cochineal; Carminic acid; Carmines
Netherlands
Approved Cochineal; Carminic acid; Carmines
Poland
Approved Cochineal; Carminic acid; Carmines
Portugal
Approved Cochineal; Carminic acid; Carmines
Romania
Approved Cochineal; Carminic acid; Carmines
Slovakia
Approved Cochineal; Carminic acid; Carmines
Slovenia
Approved Cochineal; Carminic acid; Carmines
Spain
Approved Cochineal; Carminic acid; Carmines
Sweden
Approved Cochineal; Carminic acid; Carmines
United Kingdom
Approved Cochineal; Carminic acid; Carmines
Australia
Approved Cochineal or carmines or carminic acid
New Zealand
Approved Cochineal or carmines or carminic acid

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Derived from animal products - yes

E120 - Carmines: Cochineal is made from the female insect found on cacti called Dactylopius Coccus. She is boiled alive or left to "cook" alive through sun exposure. Cochineal is the result of crushing scales of the insect into a red powder.

Vegetarian Network Victoria

Aggravates food intolerances - yes

E120 - Carmines: Linked to hyperactivity, possibly toxic to embryo.

Additive Alert

Halal - no

E120 - Carmines: Color Obtained from insects. All insects except Locust are Haram in Islam.

Muslim Consumer Group

Aggravates food intolerances - maybe

E120 - Carmines: Linked to hyperactivity.

Traditional Oven - Dangerous Food Additives

Causes allergic reaction - yes

E120 - Carmines: May cause asthmatic and allergic reactions.

Traditional Oven - Dangerous Food Additives

Cochineal
Carminic acid
CI Natural Red 4
Alum lake of carminic acid
b rose liquid
c.i. 75470
Carmine
Coccus cacti l. color principle
Cochineal c.i. 75470
Cochineal extract lake
Natural red 4
3,5,6,8-tetrahydroxy-1-methyl-9,10-dioxo-7-[3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]anthracene-2-carboxylic acid

Collection of sources used to create this food additive summary.

Source
Codex Alimentarius
Food Standards Australia New Zealand
JECFA (Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives)
UK Food Guide
UK Food Standards Agency
U.S. Food and Drug Administration
Wikipedia

Lists the U.S. CAS (Chemical Abstracts Service) registry number and EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) numbers when known.

  • CAS Number: 1390-65-4
  • EINECS Number: 215-724-4
Supplier Country
Bronson and Jacobs PTY. Limited
Australia
KF Specialty Ingredients
Australia
Hawkins Watts
Australia and New Zealand

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