It is a colorless, nearly odorless, clear, viscous liquid with a faintly sweet taste, hygroscopic and miscible with water, acetone, and chloroform.

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The function(s) performed by the food additive when used in cooking.

  • Anticaking agent - Helps prevent food particles from sticking together
  • Glazing agent - A substances that gives food a shiny appearance or provides a protective coating
  • Humectant - A substance that helps prevent food from drying out

Data according to various sources such as fao, fda, codex. Spot a mistake? Tell us!

Country Status Matched Term
United States
Approved Propylene glycol
European Union
Approved Propan-1,2-diol; propylene glycol
Australia and New Zealand
Approved Propylene glycol
Philippines
Approved Propylene Glycol
Austria
Approved Propan-1,2-diol; propylene glycol
Belgium
Approved Propan-1,2-diol; propylene glycol
Bulgaria
Approved Propan-1,2-diol; propylene glycol
Cyprus
Approved Propan-1,2-diol; propylene glycol
Czech Republic
Approved Propan-1,2-diol; propylene glycol
Denmark
Approved Propan-1,2-diol; propylene glycol
Estonia
Approved Propan-1,2-diol; propylene glycol
Finland
Approved Propan-1,2-diol; propylene glycol
Germany
Approved Propan-1,2-diol; propylene glycol
Greece
Approved Propan-1,2-diol; propylene glycol
Hungary
Approved Propan-1,2-diol; propylene glycol
Ireland
Approved Propan-1,2-diol; propylene glycol
Italy
Approved Propan-1,2-diol; propylene glycol
Latvia
Approved Propan-1,2-diol; propylene glycol
Lithuania
Approved Propan-1,2-diol; propylene glycol
Luxembourg
Approved Propan-1,2-diol; propylene glycol
Malta
Approved Propan-1,2-diol; propylene glycol
Netherlands
Approved Propan-1,2-diol; propylene glycol
Poland
Approved Propan-1,2-diol; propylene glycol
Portugal
Approved Propan-1,2-diol; propylene glycol
Romania
Approved Propan-1,2-diol; propylene glycol
Slovakia
Approved Propan-1,2-diol; propylene glycol
Slovenia
Approved Propan-1,2-diol; propylene glycol
Spain
Approved Propan-1,2-diol; propylene glycol
Sweden
Approved Propan-1,2-diol; propylene glycol
United Kingdom
Approved Propan-1,2-diol; propylene glycol
Australia
Approved Propylene glycol
New Zealand
Approved Propylene glycol
Canada
Approved Propylene Glycol
Argentina
Approved Propilenglicol
Brazil
Approved Propilenoglicol
France
Approved Propanediol­1,2 (propylène glycol)

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Aggravates food intolerances - yes

E1520 - Propylene glycol: Large doses can be toxic , kidney failure, depression of CNS, liver damage, teratogen, on NIH Hazards list. Humectant used to coat fruit and vegetables. Us has placed a total recall of any medication containing this additive yet still permitted in food.

Additive Alert

Aggravates food intolerances - yes

E1520 - Propylene glycol: Large doses can be toxic , kidney failure, depression of CNS, liver damage, teratogen, on NIH Hazards list. Humectant used to coat fruit and vegetables. Us has placed a total recall of any medication containing this additive yet still permitted in food.

Additive Alert

Aggravates food intolerances - yes

E1520 - Propylene glycol: Propylene glycol is commercially produced from propylene and carbonate. Humectant, wetting agent, dispersing agent, radiator anti-freeze, petroleum based; its glycerine like taste has made it popular for children's medications and other elixirs; used in many toothpastes, topical creams and ointments, in cosmetics, hair products and deodorants, artificial sweetener bases, liquid food colour, essences, sweetened coconut, chewing gum, chocolates. Total recall of all medications in USA (if you still have some old ones, throw them out!) and has been linked with fatal heart attacks (when given intravenously), central nervous system depression and cosmetic or pharmaceutical contact dermatitis. Suspected as a neurotoxic hazard.

Angelfire-Food Intolerance, Allergies and Adverse Reactions

Aggravates food intolerances - yes

E1520 - Propylene glycol: Total recall of all medications in USA (if you still have some old ones, throw them out!) and has been linked with fatal heart attacks (when given intravenously), central nervous system depression and cosmetic or pharmaceutical contact dermatitis. Suspected as a neurotoxic hazard. Material Data Safety Sheets recommend not have dermal contact, wear rubber gloves.

Angelfire-Food Intolerance, Allergies and Adverse Reactions

Biotechnology used in production - yes

E1520 - Propylene glycol: Humectant, wetting agent, dispersing agent, petroleum based; its glycerin like taste has made it popular for children's medications and other elixirs; used in many topical creams and ointments, cosmetics, hair products and deodorants.

DFlock

1,2- dihydroxypropane
2- hydroxypropanol
Methyl ethylene glycol
Methyl glycol
PG
1,2- propane diol
dextro,laevo-1,2-propane diol
Propane-1,2-diol
1,2- propanediol
D,L-1,2-propanediol
1,2- propylene glycol
alpha-propylene glycol
mono-propylene glycol
Trimethyl glycol
Propanediol

Collection of sources used to create this food additive summary.

Source
Codex Alimentarius
Food Standards Australia New Zealand
UK Food Guide
UK Food Standards Agency
U.S. Food and Drug Administration
Wikipedia

Lists the U.S. CAS (Chemical Abstracts Service) registry number and EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) numbers when known.

  • CAS Number: 57-55-6
  • EINECS Number: 200-338-0
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