Iron oxides (E172) can be derived from a number or sources. E172 (i) - Iron oxide, black; E172 (ii) - Iron oxide, red; E172 (iii) - Iron oxide, yellow.

Yellow, red, brown or black powder.

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The function(s) performed by the food additive when used in cooking.

  • Colour - Adds or restores the colour of a food

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Data according to various sources such as fao, fda, codex. Spot a mistake? Tell us!

Country Status Matched Term
United States
Approved Iron oxides
European Union
Approved Iron oxides and hydroxides
Australia and New Zealand
Approved Iron oxide
Philippines
Not Permitted
Japan
Unknown None
Austria
Approved Iron oxides and hydroxides
Belgium
Approved Iron oxides and hydroxides
Bulgaria
Approved Iron oxides and hydroxides
Cyprus
Approved Iron oxides and hydroxides
Czech Republic
Approved Iron oxides and hydroxides
Denmark
Approved Iron oxides and hydroxides
Estonia
Approved Iron oxides and hydroxides
Finland
Approved Iron oxides and hydroxides
France
Approved Iron oxides and hydroxides
Germany
Approved Iron oxides and hydroxides
Greece
Approved Iron oxides and hydroxides
Hungary
Approved Iron oxides and hydroxides
Ireland
Approved Iron oxides and hydroxides
Italy
Approved Iron oxides and hydroxides
Latvia
Approved Iron oxides and hydroxides
Lithuania
Approved Iron oxides and hydroxides
Luxembourg
Approved Iron oxides and hydroxides
Malta
Approved Iron oxides and hydroxides
Netherlands
Approved Iron oxides and hydroxides
Poland
Approved Iron oxides and hydroxides
Portugal
Approved Iron oxides and hydroxides
Romania
Approved Iron oxides and hydroxides
Slovakia
Approved Iron oxides and hydroxides
Slovenia
Approved Iron oxides and hydroxides
Spain
Approved Iron oxides and hydroxides
Sweden
Approved Iron oxides and hydroxides
United Kingdom
Approved Iron oxides and hydroxides
Australia
Approved Iron oxide
New Zealand
Approved Iron oxide

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Aggravates food intolerances - yes

E172 - Iron oxides: Possible kidney damage. Suspected neurotoxin. Blindness in dog studies.

Additive Alert

Halal - maybe

E172 - Iron oxides: Iron is a metal. Iron Oxide and Iron Hydroxides are inorganic chemicals.

Muslim Consumer Group

Iron oxide
CI (1975) No. 77492
CI pigment yellow 42 and 43
CI (1975) No. 77491
CI pigment red 101 and 102
CI pigment black 11
CI (1975) No. 77499
Iron oxide red
Iron oxide yellow
Iron oxide black
Lautamasse
Oxoiron
Prodorite filler

Collection of sources used to create this food additive summary.

Source
Food Standards Australia New Zealand
JECFA (Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives)
UK Food Guide
U.S. Food and Drug Administration

Lists the U.S. CAS (Chemical Abstracts Service) registry number and EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) numbers when known.

  • CAS Number: 1332-37-2
  • EINECS Number: 215-570-8
Supplier Country
Hawkins Watts Hawkins Watts
Australia and New Zealand

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