Is a white solid which is very soluble in water.

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The function(s) performed by the food additive when used in cooking.

  • Colour fixative - Helps foods retain their colour; may also be used to intensify colour
  • Preservative - Helps protect against food deterioration caused by micro-organisms

Data according to various sources such as fao, fda, codex. Spot a mistake? Tell us!

Country Status Matched Term
United States
Approved Sodium nitrate
European Union
Approved Sodium nitrate
Australia and New Zealand
Approved Sodium nitrate
Philippines
Approved Sodium Nitrate
Austria
Approved Sodium nitrate
Belgium
Approved Sodium nitrate
Bulgaria
Approved Sodium nitrate
Cyprus
Approved Sodium nitrate
Czech Republic
Approved Sodium nitrate
Denmark
Approved Sodium nitrate
Estonia
Approved Sodium nitrate
Finland
Approved Sodium nitrate
France
Approved Sodium nitrate
Germany
Approved Sodium nitrate
Greece
Approved Sodium nitrate
Hungary
Approved Sodium nitrate
Ireland
Approved Sodium nitrate
Italy
Approved Sodium nitrate
Latvia
Approved Sodium nitrate
Lithuania
Approved Sodium nitrate
Luxembourg
Approved Sodium nitrate
Malta
Approved Sodium nitrate
Netherlands
Approved Sodium nitrate
Poland
Approved Sodium nitrate
Portugal
Approved Sodium nitrate
Romania
Approved Sodium nitrate
Slovakia
Approved Sodium nitrate
Slovenia
Approved Sodium nitrate
Spain
Approved Sodium nitrate
Sweden
Approved Sodium nitrate
United Kingdom
Approved Sodium nitrate
Australia
Approved Sodium nitrate
New Zealand
Approved Sodium nitrate

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Aggravates food intolerances - yes

E251 - Sodium nitrate: From the Food Intolerance Network fact-sheet titled 'How to start failsafe eating: a step by step guide'.

Food Intolerance Network

Aggravates food intolerances - yes

E251 - Sodium nitrate: Hyperactivity, behavioural probs, asthma, headaches, dizziness, possible carcinogen. Prohibited in foods for infants and young children.

Additive Alert

Synthetic substance - yes

E251 - Sodium nitrate: Chemical Preservative

Muslim Consumer Group

Biotechnology used in production - yes

E251 - Sodium nitrate: Also used in the manufacture of nitric acid, as a fertiliser and in fermented meat products.

DFlock

Aggravates food intolerances - yes

E251 - Sodium nitrate: Hampshire County Council Catering Services (HC3S) recognises that additives in food may cause reactions in certain cases and therefore worked with the Hyperactive Children's Support Group.

Hampshire County Council

Derived from minerals - yes

E251 - Sodium nitrate: Sodium nitrate is a natural mineral, occurring in great abundance in the Atacama desert (hence the name Chile saltpetre). It is used as a preservative and curing agent in meat. See E249, potassium nitrite. Typical products include processed meats, cured and smoked meat and fish, root vegetables. Also used in the manufacture of nitric acid, as a fertiliser. (see 250). Harmful if swallowed or inhaled. Skin, eye and respiratory irritant. Other names: Chile saltpetre, cubic nitre, nitric acid sodium salt.

MBM Foods

Aggravates food intolerances - yes

E251 - Sodium nitrate: Deoxygenation of the blood. Cancer. As this substance is not suitable for babies under six months we suggest it would be advisable for pregnant and lactating mothers to avoid it also unless/until it is proven safe in these circumstances.

Angelfire-Food Intolerance, Allergies and Adverse Reactions

Aggravates food intolerances - yes

E251 - Sodium nitrate: Linked in hyperactivity.

Traditional Oven - Dangerous Food Additives

Linked to cancer - yes

E251 - Sodium nitrate: Has been linked to cancer.

Traditional Oven - Dangerous Food Additives

Chile saltpeter or Peru saltpeter
Nitrate of soda
Nitric acid monosodium salt
Nitric acid sodium salt (1:1)
Saltpeter (chile)
Sodium(I) nitrate (1:1)

Collection of sources used to create this food additive summary.

Source
Codex Alimentarius
Food Standards Australia New Zealand
UK Food Guide
UK Food Standards Agency
U.S. Food and Drug Administration
Wikipedia

Lists the U.S. CAS (Chemical Abstracts Service) registry number and EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) numbers when known.

  • CAS Number: 7631-99-4
  • EINECS Number: 231-554-3
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