Colourless, syrupy liquid or white to light yellow solid or powder.

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The function(s) performed by the food additive when used in cooking.

  • Acidity regulator - Regulates the acidity or alkalinity of a food
  • Flour treatment agent - A substance that improves baking quality or colour of flour

Data according to various sources such as fao, fda, codex. Spot a mistake? Tell us!

Country Status Matched Term
United States
Approved Lactic acid
European Union
Approved Lactic acid
Australia and New Zealand
Approved Lactic acid
Philippines
Approved Lactic Acid (L-, D- and Dl-)
Austria
Approved Lactic acid
Belgium
Approved Lactic acid
Bulgaria
Approved Lactic acid
Cyprus
Approved Lactic acid
Czech Republic
Approved Lactic acid
Denmark
Approved Lactic acid
Estonia
Approved Lactic acid
Finland
Approved Lactic acid
France
Approved Lactic acid
Germany
Approved Lactic acid
Greece
Approved Lactic acid
Hungary
Approved Lactic acid
Ireland
Approved Lactic acid
Italy
Approved Lactic acid
Latvia
Approved Lactic acid
Lithuania
Approved Lactic acid
Luxembourg
Approved Lactic acid
Malta
Approved Lactic acid
Netherlands
Approved Lactic acid
Poland
Approved Lactic acid
Portugal
Approved Lactic acid
Romania
Approved Lactic acid
Slovakia
Approved Lactic acid
Slovenia
Approved Lactic acid
Spain
Approved Lactic acid
Sweden
Approved Lactic acid
United Kingdom
Approved Lactic acid
Australia
Approved Lactic acid
New Zealand
Approved Lactic acid

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Aggravates food intolerances - yes

E270 - Lactic acid, L-, D- and DL-: Not recommended for babies as may be unable to metabolise

Additive Alert

Halal - yes

E270 - Lactic acid, L-, D- and DL-: Miscellaneous - Acids

Muslim Consumer Group

Genetically engineered - yes

E270 - Lactic acid, L-, D- and DL-: Today, lactic acid is predominantly produced with biotechnical methods that employ lactic-acid bacteria. Generally, such bacteria are not genetically modified. In order for the bacteria to perform the desired chemical changes, they need a specific nutrient medium. In the production of lactic acid, this medium consists mostly of maize starch or potato starch. Maize starch may consist partly of genetically modified maize, especially when the raw materials are imported from the USA or Argentina. In the EU, genetically modified maize is grown on a comparatively small area and nonetheless is not used as raw material for foodstuff. This may change in the case that the cultivation of GM maize increases in significance. Potatoes: at this time, no GM species are commercially cultivated; however, that may be subject to change in the near future.

GMO Compass

Biotechnology used in production - yes

E270 - Lactic acid, L-, D- and DL-: Food acid, acidity regulator; produced by heating and fermenting carbohydrates in milk whey, potatoes, cornstarch or molasses; difficult for babies to metabolise; used in sweets, dressings, soft drinks (sometimes beer) infant formulas and confectionary.

Food Reactions - Food Intolerance, Allergy & Adverse Reactions

Aggravates food intolerances - yes

E270 - Lactic acid, L-, D- and DL-: NOT SUITABLE FOR BABIES AND YOUNG CHILDREN. As this substance is not suitable for babies under six months we suggest it would be advisable for pregnant and lactating mothers to avoid it also unless/until it is proven safe in these circumstances.

Angelfire-Food Intolerance, Allergies and Adverse Reactions

Aacidum lacticum
Aaethylidenmilchsaeure
Ethylidene lactic acid
1-hydroxyethane carboxylic acid
(±)-2-hydroxypropanoic acid
2-hydroxypropanoic acid
Alpha-hydroxypropanoic acid
D,L-2-hydroxypropanoic acid
dextro,laevo-2-hydroxypropanoic acid
2-hydroxypropionic acid
Alpha-hydroxypropionic acid
(RS)-2-hydroxypropionsaeure
Lactovagan
D,L-milchsaeure
Dextro,laevo-milchsaeure
Milk acid
Propel
Tonsillosan

Collection of sources used to create this food additive summary.

Source
Codex Alimentarius
Food Standards Australia New Zealand
JECFA (Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives)
UK Food Guide
UK Food Standards Agency
U.S. Food and Drug Administration
Wikipedia

Lists the U.S. CAS (Chemical Abstracts Service) registry number and EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) numbers when known.

  • CAS Number: 50-21-5
  • EINECS Number: 200-018-0
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