Colourless, odorless gas, 1 litre of which weighs about 1.98 g at 0° and 760 mm of mercury.

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The function(s) performed by the food additive when used in cooking.

  • Carbonating agent - Used to create carbonation in food and drinks
  • Packaging gas - A gas added to a food container to protect food from problems such as oxidation or spoilage
  • Preservative - Helps protect against food deterioration caused by micro-organisms
  • Propellant - A gas which expels food from a container

Data according to various sources such as fao, fda, codex. Spot a mistake? Tell us!

Country Status Matched Term
United States
Approved Carbon dioxide
European Union
Approved Carbon dioxide
Australia and New Zealand
Approved Carbon dioxide
Philippines
Approved Carbon dioxide
Austria
Approved Carbon dioxide
Belgium
Approved Carbon dioxide
Bulgaria
Approved Carbon dioxide
Cyprus
Approved Carbon dioxide
Czech Republic
Approved Carbon dioxide
Denmark
Approved Carbon dioxide
Estonia
Approved Carbon dioxide
Finland
Approved Carbon dioxide
France
Approved Carbon dioxide
Germany
Approved Carbon dioxide
Greece
Approved Carbon dioxide
Hungary
Approved Carbon dioxide
Ireland
Approved Carbon dioxide
Italy
Approved Carbon dioxide
Latvia
Approved Carbon dioxide
Lithuania
Approved Carbon dioxide
Luxembourg
Approved Carbon dioxide
Malta
Approved Carbon dioxide
Netherlands
Approved Carbon dioxide
Poland
Approved Carbon dioxide
Portugal
Approved Carbon dioxide
Romania
Approved Carbon dioxide
Slovakia
Approved Carbon dioxide
Slovenia
Approved Carbon dioxide
Spain
Approved Carbon dioxide
Sweden
Approved Carbon dioxide
United Kingdom
Approved Carbon dioxide
Australia
Approved Carbon dioxide
New Zealand
Approved Carbon dioxide

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Biotechnology used in production - yes

E290 - Carbon dioxide: Propellant, coolant, derived from lime manufacture; may increase the effect of alcohol; typical products are wine, soft drinks, confectionary.

Food Reactions - Food Intolerance, Allergy & Adverse Reactions

Aggravates food intolerances - yes

E290 - Carbon dioxide: Reproductive and neurotoxicity,teratogen, possible links to infertility, on NIH hazards list

Additive Alert

Propellants

Collection of sources used to create this food additive summary.

Source
Codex Alimentarius
Food Standards Australia New Zealand
JECFA (Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives)
UK Food Guide
UK Food Standards Agency
U.S. Food and Drug Administration
Wikipedia

Lists the U.S. CAS (Chemical Abstracts Service) registry number and EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) numbers when known.

  • CAS Number: 124-38-9
  • EINECS Number: 204-696-9

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