Sodium dihydrogen citrate, E331 (i), is a subclass of Sodium citrates (E331 ).

White, odourless crystals or crystalline powder.

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The function(s) performed by the food additive when used in cooking.

  • Acidity regulator - Regulates the acidity or alkalinity of a food
  • Emulsifier - An agent that forms or preserves a mixture of substances normally incapable of being mixed eg. oil and water
  • Sequestrant - A substance which controls the availability of a cation
  • Stabiliser - A substance that maintains the uniform dispersal of substances in a food

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Data according to various sources such as fao, fda, codex. Spot a mistake? Tell us!

Country Status Matched Term
United States
Approved Sodium citrate
European Union
Approved Sodium citrates
Australia and New Zealand
Approved Sodium dihydrogen citrate
Philippines
Approved Sodium Dihydrogen Citrate
Austria
Approved Sodium citrates
Belgium
Approved Sodium citrates
Bulgaria
Approved Sodium citrates
Cyprus
Approved Sodium citrates
Czech Republic
Approved Sodium citrates
Denmark
Approved Sodium citrates
Estonia
Approved Sodium citrates
Finland
Approved Sodium citrates
France
Approved Sodium citrates
Germany
Approved Sodium citrates
Greece
Approved Sodium citrates
Hungary
Approved Sodium citrates
Ireland
Approved Sodium citrates
Italy
Approved Sodium citrates
Latvia
Approved Sodium citrates
Lithuania
Approved Sodium citrates
Luxembourg
Approved Sodium citrates
Malta
Approved Sodium citrates
Netherlands
Approved Sodium citrates
Poland
Approved Sodium citrates
Portugal
Approved Sodium citrates
Romania
Approved Sodium citrates
Slovakia
Approved Sodium citrates
Slovenia
Approved Sodium citrates
Spain
Approved Sodium citrates
Sweden
Approved Sodium citrates
United Kingdom
Approved Sodium citrates
Australia
Approved Sodium dihydrogen citrate
New Zealand
Approved Sodium dihydrogen citrate

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Halal - yes

E331 - Sodium citrates: Miscellaneous - Citric Acid and its Salts

Muslim Consumer Group

Genetically engineered - yes

E331 - Sodium citrates: Citric acid was the first additive that was produced on a large scale biotechnically. The classic method used the metabolic power of certain fungi (Aspergillus niger). Research has been undertaken with genetically modified Aspergillus niger to obtain higher yields. It is possible that these methods are already used commercially. Irrespective of possible gene modifications, citric acid-producing microorganisms grow on culture media that usually contain molasses (sugar beet)) and/or glucose. Glucose can be produced form maize starch. This can be derived from GM maize.

GMO Compass

Recommended for consumption by children - maybe

E331 - Sodium citrates: Food acid; no known adverse effects.

Food Reactions - Food Intolerance, Allergy & Adverse Reactions

Monosodium citrate
Sodium citrate monobasic
Citric acid monosodium salt
Citrofluyl
Sodium 2-(carboxymethyl)-2,4-dihydroxy-4-oxobutanoate
Mono sodium citrate
Mono sodium dihydrogen citrate
Sodium citrates
Sodium citrate

Collection of sources used to create this food additive summary.

Source
Codex Alimentarius
Food Standards Australia New Zealand
JECFA (Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives)
UK Food Guide
UK Food Standards Agency
U.S. Food and Drug Administration

Lists the U.S. CAS (Chemical Abstracts Service) registry number and EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) numbers when known.

  • CAS Number: 18996-35-5
  • EINECS Number: 242-734-6

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