Trisodium citrate, E331 (iii), is a subclass of Sodium citrates (E331 ).

Sodium citrate is chiefly used as a food additive E331, usually for flavor or as a preservative.

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The function(s) performed by the food additive when used in cooking.

  • Acidity regulator - Regulates the acidity or alkalinity of a food
  • Emulsifier - An agent that forms or preserves a mixture of substances normally incapable of being mixed eg. oil and water
  • Sequestrant - A substance which controls the availability of a cation
  • Stabiliser - A substance that maintains the uniform dispersal of substances in a food

Data according to various sources such as fao, fda, codex. Spot a mistake? Tell us!

Country Status Matched Term
United States
Approved Sodium citrate
European Union
Approved Sodium citrate
Australia and New Zealand
Approved Sodium citrate
Philippines
Approved Trisodium Citrate
Austria
Approved Sodium citrate
Belgium
Approved Sodium citrate
Bulgaria
Approved Sodium citrate
Cyprus
Approved Sodium citrate
Czech Republic
Approved Sodium citrate
Denmark
Approved Sodium citrate
Estonia
Approved Sodium citrate
Finland
Approved Sodium citrate
France
Approved Sodium citrate
Germany
Approved Sodium citrate
Greece
Approved Sodium citrate
Hungary
Approved Sodium citrate
Ireland
Approved Sodium citrate
Italy
Approved Sodium citrate
Latvia
Approved Sodium citrate
Lithuania
Approved Sodium citrate
Luxembourg
Approved Sodium citrate
Malta
Approved Sodium citrate
Netherlands
Approved Sodium citrate
Poland
Approved Sodium citrate
Portugal
Approved Sodium citrate
Romania
Approved Sodium citrate
Slovakia
Approved Sodium citrate
Slovenia
Approved Sodium citrate
Spain
Approved Sodium citrate
Sweden
Approved Sodium citrate
United Kingdom
Approved Sodium citrate
Australia
Approved Sodium citrate
New Zealand
Approved Sodium citrate

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Halal - yes

E331 - Sodium citrates: Miscellaneous - Citric Acid and its Salts

Muslim Consumer Group

Genetically engineered - yes

E331 - Sodium citrates: Citric acid was the first additive that was produced on a large scale biotechnically. The classic method used the metabolic power of certain fungi (Aspergillus niger). Research has been undertaken with genetically modified Aspergillus niger to obtain higher yields. It is possible that these methods are already used commercially. Irrespective of possible gene modifications, citric acid-producing microorganisms grow on culture media that usually contain molasses (sugar beet)) and/or glucose. Glucose can be produced form maize starch. This can be derived from GM maize.

GMO Compass

Recommended for consumption by children - maybe

E331 - Sodium citrates: Food acid; no known adverse effects.

Food Reactions - Food Intolerance, Allergy & Adverse Reactions

Sodium citrate
Citric acid trisodium salt
2-hydroxy-1,2,3-propane tricarboxylic acid trisodium salt anhydrous
Natrocitral
Trisodium 2-hydroxy-1,2,3-propane tricarboxylate
Trisodium 2-hydroxypropane-1,2,3-tricarboxylate
Trisodium citrate

Collection of sources used to create this food additive summary.

Source
Codex Alimentarius
Food Standards Australia New Zealand
JECFA (Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives)
UK Food Guide
UK Food Standards Agency
U.S. Food and Drug Administration
Wikipedia

Lists the U.S. CAS (Chemical Abstracts Service) registry number and EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) numbers when known.

  • CAS Number: 68-04-2
  • EINECS Number: 200-675-3

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