Is used to acidify foods and beverages such as various colas, but not without controversy regarding its health effects.

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The function(s) performed by the food additive when used in cooking.

  • Acidity regulator - Regulates the acidity or alkalinity of a food
  • Antioxidant - Protects a food from deterioration caused by oxidation
  • Sequestrant - A substance which controls the availability of a cation

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Data according to various sources such as fao, fda, codex. Spot a mistake? Tell us!

Country Status Matched Term
United States
Approved Phosphoric acid
European Union
Approved Phosphoric acid
Australia and New Zealand
Approved Phosphoric acid
Philippines
Approved Orthophosphoric Acid
Austria
Approved Phosphoric acid
Belgium
Approved Phosphoric acid
Bulgaria
Approved Phosphoric acid
Cyprus
Approved Phosphoric acid
Czech Republic
Approved Phosphoric acid
Denmark
Approved Phosphoric acid
Estonia
Approved Phosphoric acid
Finland
Approved Phosphoric acid
France
Approved Phosphoric acid
Germany
Approved Phosphoric acid
Greece
Approved Phosphoric acid
Hungary
Approved Phosphoric acid
Ireland
Approved Phosphoric acid
Italy
Approved Phosphoric acid
Latvia
Approved Phosphoric acid
Lithuania
Approved Phosphoric acid
Luxembourg
Approved Phosphoric acid
Malta
Approved Phosphoric acid
Netherlands
Approved Phosphoric acid
Poland
Approved Phosphoric acid
Portugal
Approved Phosphoric acid
Romania
Approved Phosphoric acid
Slovakia
Approved Phosphoric acid
Slovenia
Approved Phosphoric acid
Spain
Approved Phosphoric acid
Sweden
Approved Phosphoric acid
United Kingdom
Approved Phosphoric acid
Australia
Approved Phosphoric acid
New Zealand
Approved Phosphoric acid

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Causes allergic reaction - yes

E338 - Phosphoric acid: Neurotoxicity, eye and skin irritant,large doses can lead to adicosis and hypocalcaemia

Additive Alert

Halal - yes

E338 - Phosphoric acid: Phosphoric Acid and its Salts

Muslim Consumer Group

Biotechnology used in production - yes

E338 - Phosphoric acid: Food acid, derived from phosphate ore; used in cheese products

DFlock

Biotechnology used in production - yes

E338 - Phosphoric acid: Orthophosphoric acid can only be obtained pure in the crystalline state and slowly undergoes dehydration to diphosphoric acid. Crystalline phosphoric acid has a hydrogen-bonded layer structure in which each molecule is attached to 6 others. Impure phosphoric acid has its main application in fertilisers, and also in the synthesis of pure phosphoric acid. In turn pure phosphoric acid is used in food, detergents, pharmaceuticals and metal treatment (e.g. pickling, cleaning, rust-proofing, polishing). Car bodies and electrical appliances are all protected against rust and blistering by the presence of a phosphatised undercoat. Phosphoric acid is used in the production of activated carbon, and may be used in soft drinks to give a sour taste.

MBM Foods

Biotechnology used in production - yes

E338 - Phosphoric acid: Food acid, derived from phosphate ore; used in cheese products; no known adverse effects.

Food Reactions - Food Intolerance, Allergy & Adverse Reactions

Orthophosphoric acid
phosphoric(V) acid
White phosphoric acid

Collection of sources used to create this food additive summary.

Source
Codex Alimentarius
Food Standards Australia New Zealand
JECFA (Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives)
UK Food Guide
UK Food Standards Agency
U.S. Food and Drug Administration

Lists the U.S. CAS (Chemical Abstracts Service) registry number and EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) numbers when known.

  • CAS Number: 7664-38-2
  • EINECS Number: 231-633-2
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