Gum arabic, also known as acacia gum, chaar gund, char goond, or meska, is a natural gum made of hardened sap taken from two species of the acacia tree; Acacia senegal and Acacia seyal.

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The function(s) performed by the food additive when used in cooking.

  • Bulking agent - A filler substance that increases food bulk without increasing available energy value significantly
  • Carrier - A substance used to dissolve, dilute or disperse a food additive or nutrient without altering its function; typically to improve handling/application.
  • Emulsifier - An agent that forms or preserves a mixture of substances normally incapable of being mixed eg. oil and water
  • Glazing agent - A substances that gives food a shiny appearance or provides a protective coating
  • Stabiliser - A substance that maintains the uniform dispersal of substances in a food
  • Thickener - A substance that increases the viscosity of a food

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Data according to various sources such as fao, fda, codex. Spot a mistake? Tell us!

Country Status Matched Term
United States
Approved Gum arabic (Acacia)
European Union
Approved Acacia gum; gum arabic
Australia and New Zealand
Approved Acacia or gum arabic
Philippines
Approved Gum arabic
Austria
Approved Acacia gum; gum arabic
Belgium
Approved Acacia gum; gum arabic
Bulgaria
Approved Acacia gum; gum arabic
Cyprus
Approved Acacia gum; gum arabic
Czech Republic
Approved Acacia gum; gum arabic
Denmark
Approved Acacia gum; gum arabic
Estonia
Approved Acacia gum; gum arabic
Finland
Approved Acacia gum; gum arabic
France
Approved Acacia gum; gum arabic
Germany
Approved Acacia gum; gum arabic
Greece
Approved Acacia gum; gum arabic
Hungary
Approved Acacia gum; gum arabic
Ireland
Approved Acacia gum; gum arabic
Italy
Approved Acacia gum; gum arabic
Latvia
Approved Acacia gum; gum arabic
Lithuania
Approved Acacia gum; gum arabic
Luxembourg
Approved Acacia gum; gum arabic
Malta
Approved Acacia gum; gum arabic
Netherlands
Approved Acacia gum; gum arabic
Poland
Approved Acacia gum; gum arabic
Portugal
Approved Acacia gum; gum arabic
Romania
Approved Acacia gum; gum arabic
Slovakia
Approved Acacia gum; gum arabic
Slovenia
Approved Acacia gum; gum arabic
Spain
Approved Acacia gum; gum arabic
Sweden
Approved Acacia gum; gum arabic
United Kingdom
Approved Acacia gum; gum arabic
Australia
Approved Acacia or gum arabic
New Zealand
Approved Acacia or gum arabic

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Halal - yes

E414 - Gum arabic (Acacia gum): Emulsifiers and Stabilizers - other plant gums

Muslim Consumer Group

Causes allergic reaction - yes

E414 - Gum arabic (Acacia gum): Asthma, skin rashes in sensitive people.

Additive Alert

Aggravates food intolerances - yes

E414 - Gum arabic (Acacia gum): Asthma, skin rashes in sensitive people.

Additive Alert

Derived from plant products - yes

E414 - Gum arabic (Acacia gum): Derived from the sap of Acacia Sengal; easily broken down by the human digestive system; possible allergen, soothes irritations of mucous membranes.

DFlock

Causes allergic reaction - yes

E414 - Gum arabic (Acacia gum): Derived from the sap of Acacia Sengal; consists of high molecular weight polysaccharides which can be used to produce arabinose, galactose, rhamnose and glucuronic acid. Gum arabic is used in food as a thickener, stabiliser, glazing agent and emulsifier, and is readily water-soluble. Easily broken down by the human digestive system; possible allergen, and may cause asthma and skin rash. Soothes irritations of mucous membranes. Typical products include chewing gum, sweets, jelly, fondants, beer, soft drinks, fruit squash, wine. May cause weak allergic reaction in some individuals. May act as an irritant.

MBM Foods

Causes allergic reaction - yes

E414 - Gum arabic (Acacia gum): Possible allergen, soothes irritations of mucous membranes. Allergic reactions.

Angelfire-Food Intolerance, Allergies and Adverse Reactions

Derived from plant products - yes

E414 - Gum arabic (Acacia gum): A natural gum made of hardened sap taken from two species of the acacia tree; Acacia senegal and Acacia seyal. Used primarily in the food industry as a stabilizer. May cause asthmatic and allergic reactions.

Traditional Oven - Dangerous Food Additives

Acacia gum
Arabic gum
Acacia gum (acacia senegal l. willd)
Acacia senegal
Acacia senegal l. willd gum
Gum acacia (acacia senegal l. willd)
Gum arabic (acacia senegal l. willd)
Gum senegal (acacia senegal l. willd)
Senegal gum (acacia senegal l. willd)

Collection of sources used to create this food additive summary.

Source
Codex Alimentarius
Food Standards Australia New Zealand
JECFA (Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives)
UK Food Guide
UK Food Standards Agency
U.S. Food and Drug Administration
Wikipedia

Lists the U.S. CAS (Chemical Abstracts Service) registry number and EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) numbers when known.

  • CAS Number: 9000-01-5
  • EINECS Number: 232-519-5
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