Sorbitol, E420 (i), is a subclass of Sorbitols (E420 ).

Sorbitol, also known as glucitol, Sorbogem® and Sorbo®, is a sugar alcohol that the human body metabolizes slowly.

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The function(s) performed by the food additive when used in cooking.

  • Bulking agent - A filler substance that increases food bulk without increasing available energy value significantly
  • Humectant - A substance that helps prevent food from drying out
  • Sequestrant - A substance which controls the availability of a cation
  • Stabiliser - A substance that maintains the uniform dispersal of substances in a food
  • Sweetener - A substance which imparts a sweet taste to food for fewer kilojoules than sugar

Data according to various sources such as fao, fda, codex. Spot a mistake? Tell us!

Country Status Matched Term
United States
Approved Sorbitol
European Union
Approved Sorbitol
Australia and New Zealand
Approved Sorbitol or sorbitol syrup
Philippines
Not Permitted
Austria
Approved Sorbitol
Belgium
Approved Sorbitol
Bulgaria
Approved Sorbitol
Cyprus
Approved Sorbitol
Czech Republic
Approved Sorbitol
Denmark
Approved Sorbitol
Estonia
Approved Sorbitol
Finland
Approved Sorbitol
France
Approved Sorbitol
Germany
Approved Sorbitol
Greece
Approved Sorbitol
Hungary
Approved Sorbitol
Ireland
Approved Sorbitol
Italy
Approved Sorbitol
Latvia
Approved Sorbitol
Lithuania
Approved Sorbitol
Luxembourg
Approved Sorbitol
Malta
Approved Sorbitol
Netherlands
Approved Sorbitol
Poland
Approved Sorbitol
Portugal
Approved Sorbitol
Romania
Approved Sorbitol
Slovakia
Approved Sorbitol
Slovenia
Approved Sorbitol
Spain
Approved Sorbitol
Sweden
Approved Sorbitol
United Kingdom
Approved Sorbitol
Australia
Approved Sorbitol or sorbitol syrup
New Zealand
Approved Sorbitol or sorbitol syrup

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Halal - yes

E420 - Sorbitols: Sugar Alcohols

Muslim Consumer Group

Aggravates food intolerances - yes

E420 - Sorbitols: Not suitable for diabetics, infants and young children, liver toxicity, gastrointestinal upsets. Prohibited in foods for infants and young children.

Additive Alert

Semi-synthetic substance - maybe

E420 - Sorbitols: Artificial sweetener and humectant; derived from glucose, either obtained from berries or synthesised; used in lollies, dried fruit, pastries, confectionary, low calorie foods, pharmecuetical syrups and opthalmic preparations and is the seventh most widely used preservative in cosmetics; not permitted in foods for infants and young children, can cause gastric disturbance.

DFlock

Aggravates food intolerances - yes

E420 - Sorbitols: Artificial sweetener and humectant; derived from glucose, either obtained from berries or synthesised; used in lollies, dried fruit, pastries, confectionary, low calorie foods, pharmecuetical syrups and opthalmic preparations and is the seventh most widely used preservative in cosmetics; not permitted in foods for infants and young children, can cause gastric disturbance.

DFlock

Aggravates food intolerances - yes

E420 - Sorbitols: Artificial sweetener and humectant; derived from glucose, either obtained from berries of the Sorbus aucuparia tree or synthesised; used in confectionary, dried fruit, pastries, low calorie foods, pharmaceutical syrups and ophthalmic preparations and is the seventh most widely used preservative in cosmetics; not permitted in foods for infants and young children, can cause gastric disturbance. Four pieces of low-joule chewing gum can make a child seriously ill. Not recommended for diabetics or people with fructose intolerance.

MBM Foods

Aggravates food intolerances - yes

E420 - Sorbitols: Not permitted in foods for infants and young children, VERY LARGE AMOUNTS can cause flatulence, diarrhoea and abdominal distension.

Angelfire-Food Intolerance, Allergies and Adverse Reactions

Genetically engineered - yes

E420 - Sorbitols: The basic substance necessary to make sorbitol is glucose. The latter is made - during the process of the conversion of starch into sugar from vegetable starch. Up to a certain amount, corn or corn starch can consist of genetically modified corn - in particular, if raw materials are imported from the USA or Argentina. In the EU, genetically modified maize is grown on a comparatively small area and nonetheless is not used as raw material for foodstuff. This may change in the case that the cultivation of GM maize increases in significance. Ingredients derived from several types of GM maize are approved in the EU. Enzymes 'unlock' the vegetable starch and convert it into ingredients and/or additives. Several of these enzymes are made with the aid of genetically modified microorganisms, e.g. amylases, glucose isomerase, and pullulanase.

GMO Compass

Sorbitols
Glucitol
Sorbogem
Sorbo
Cholaxine
Diakarmon
D-glucitol
Dextro-glucitol
Dextro-1,2,3,4,5,6-hexane hexol
(2R,3R,4R,5S)-hexane-1,2,3,4,5,6-hexol
D-1,2,3,4,5,6-hexanehexol
Karion
Nevitin
Sionon
Sorbit
D-sorbitol
D-(-)-sorbitol
Dextro-(-)- sorbitol
Sorbo
Sorbol

Collection of sources used to create this food additive summary.

Source
Codex Alimentarius
Food Standards Australia New Zealand
UK Food Guide
UK Food Standards Agency
U.S. Food and Drug Administration
Wikipedia

Lists the U.S. CAS (Chemical Abstracts Service) registry number and EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) numbers when known.

  • CAS Number: 50-70-4
  • EINECS Number: 200-061-5

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