It is produced commercially as a white to light brown powder, mainly extracted from citrus fruits, and is used in food as a gelling agent particularly in jams and jellies.

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The function(s) performed by the food additive when used in cooking.

  • Emulsifier - An agent that forms or preserves a mixture of substances normally incapable of being mixed eg. oil and water
  • Gelling agent - Facilitates the formation of a gel to change food texture
  • Stabiliser - A substance that maintains the uniform dispersal of substances in a food
  • Thickener - A substance that increases the viscosity of a food

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Data according to various sources such as fao, fda, codex. Spot a mistake? Tell us!

Country Status Matched Term
United States
Approved Pectins
European Union
Approved Pectins
Australia and New Zealand
Approved Pectin
Philippines
Approved Pectins (Amidated and Non-Amidated)
Luxembourg
Approved Pectins
Austria
Approved Pectins
Belgium
Approved Pectins
Bulgaria
Approved Pectins
Cyprus
Approved Pectins
Czech Republic
Approved Pectins
Denmark
Approved Pectins
Estonia
Approved Pectins
Finland
Approved Pectins
France
Approved Pectins
Germany
Approved Pectins
Greece
Approved Pectins
Hungary
Approved Pectins
Ireland
Approved Pectins
Italy
Approved Pectins
Latvia
Approved Pectins
Lithuania
Approved Pectins
Malta
Approved Pectins
Netherlands
Approved Pectins
Poland
Approved Pectins
Portugal
Approved Pectins
Romania
Approved Pectins
Slovakia
Approved Pectins
Slovenia
Approved Pectins
Spain
Approved Pectins
Sweden
Approved Pectins
United Kingdom
Approved Pectins
Australia
Approved Pectin
New Zealand
Approved Pectin

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Halal - yes

E440 - Pectins: Emulsifier and Stabilizer - Pectin and derivatives

Muslim Consumer Group

Derived from plant products - yes

E440 - Pectins: Naturally occurring in the skins of apples; used to thicken jams, jellies and sauces; large quantities may cause temporary flatulence or intestinal discomfort.

MBM Foods

Aggravates food intolerances - yes

E440 - Pectins: Large quantities may cause temporary flatulence or intestinal discomfort.

Angelfire-Food Intolerance, Allergies and Adverse Reactions

Pectins
Apple pectin
Citrus pectin
Pectinic acid

Collection of sources used to create this food additive summary.

Source
Codex Alimentarius
Food Standards Australia New Zealand
JECFA (Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives)
UK Food Guide
UK Food Standards Agency
U.S. Food and Drug Administration
Wikipedia

Lists the U.S. CAS (Chemical Abstracts Service) registry number and EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) numbers when known.

  • CAS Number: 9000-69-5
  • EINECS Number: 232-553-0
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