White or cream coloured solids of waxy appearance, plastic products or viscous liquids.

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The function(s) performed by the food additive when used in cooking.

  • Emulsifier - An agent that forms or preserves a mixture of substances normally incapable of being mixed eg. oil and water

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Data according to various sources such as fao, fda, codex. Spot a mistake? Tell us!

Country Status Matched Term
United States
Matching Terms Not Found
European Union
Approved
Australia and New Zealand
Approved Propylene glycol mono - and di-esters or Propylene glycol esters of fatty acids
Philippines
Approved Propylene glycol esters of fatty acids
Austria
Approved
Belgium
Approved
Bulgaria
Approved
Cyprus
Approved
Czech Republic
Approved
Denmark
Approved
Estonia
Approved
Finland
Approved
France
Approved
Germany
Approved
Greece
Approved
Hungary
Approved
Ireland
Approved
Italy
Approved
Latvia
Approved
Lithuania
Approved
Luxembourg
Approved
Malta
Approved
Netherlands
Approved
Poland
Approved
Portugal
Approved
Romania
Approved
Slovakia
Approved
Slovenia
Approved
Spain
Approved
Sweden
Approved
United Kingdom
Approved
Australia
Approved Propylene glycol mono - and di-esters or Propylene glycol esters of fatty acids
New Zealand
Approved Propylene glycol mono - and di-esters or Propylene glycol esters of fatty acids

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Halal - maybe

E477 - Propylene glycol esters of fatty acids: Emulsifiers and Stabilizers - salts or Esters of Fatty Acids. Suitable for vegetarian label indicates that only vegetable fat is used as a source.

Muslim Consumer Group

Aggravates food intolerances - yes

E477 - Propylene glycol esters of fatty acids: Emulsifier, stabiliser. Combination of propanediol and natural fats. Normal fat consists of glycerol and fatty acids, for these products glycerol is replaced by propanediol. The fats are mainly from plant origin, but also fats of animal origin may be used. The product generally is a mixture of different components. Can be derived from petroleum; no known adverse effects. Used in confectionary, soft and fizzy drinks, toppings, ice cream, processed meat. Both components are normally present in the body and will be metabolised in the normal way. High concentrations of propyleneglycol can cause eczema in sensitive persons, but not normally from the use in foods. Although mainly vegetable oils are used, the use of animal fat (incl. pork) can not be excluded. Several groups, such as vegans, Muslims and Jews thus avoid these products. Only the producer can give detailed information on the origin of the fatty acids. Chemically the fatty acids from vegetable or animal origin are identical. Avoid it.

MBM Foods

Derived from plant products - yes

E477 - Propylene glycol esters of fatty acids: Emulsifier, stabiliser. Combination of propanediol and natural fats. Normal fat consists of glycerol and fatty acids, for these products glycerol is replaced by propanediol. The fats are mainly from plant origin, but also fats of animal origin may be used. The product generally is a mixture of different components. Can be derived from petroleum; no known adverse effects. Used in confectionary, soft and fizzy drinks, toppings, ice cream, processed meat. Both components are normally present in the body and will be metabolised in the normal way. High concentrations of propyleneglycol can cause eczema in sensitive persons, but not normally from the use in foods. Although mainly vegetable oils are used, the use of animal fat (incl. pork) can not be excluded. Several groups, such as vegans, Muslims and Jews thus avoid these products. Only the producer can give detailed information on the origin of the fatty acids. Chemically the fatty acids from vegetable or animal origin are identical. Avoid it.

MBM Foods

Derived from plant products - yes

E477 - Propylene glycol esters of fatty acids: The glycol esters of fatty acids can be sourced from a by-product of animal fats in the manufacturing of soap.

Vegetarian Network Victoria

Genetically engineered - yes

E477 - Propylene glycol esters of fatty acids: Fatty acids are produced from a variety of plants that contain oil, such as soybean, but also rapeseed and maize. Soybeans: as a rule, soy-based raw materials on the international market stem either partially or wholly from genetically modified plants. GM soy is grown on a large scale in Argentina and the USA. The EU receives a large portion of soy-based raw materials from these countries. Some food producers process conventional soy-based raw materials exclusively. However, an absolute separation of conventional and GM soybeans that includes all stages of processing is technically impossible. Therefore, even raw materials which have been declared to be "free of gene technology" may contain small quantities of GMO.

GMO Compass

Propane-1,2-diol esters of fatty acids
Fatty acids propylene glycol mono- and diesters
Propane-1,2-diol fatty acid esters
Propylene glycol mono- and diesters of fats and fatty acids

Collection of sources used to create this food additive summary.

Source
Codex Alimentarius
Food Standards Australia New Zealand
JECFA (Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives)
UK Food Guide
UK Food Standards Agency
U.S. Food and Drug Administration

Lists the U.S. CAS (Chemical Abstracts Service) registry number and EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) numbers when known.

Supplier Country
Hawkins Watts Hawkins Watts
Australia and New Zealand

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