Xylitol is a sugar alcohol sweetener used as a naturally occurring sugar substitute.

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The function(s) performed by the food additive when used in cooking.

  • Emulsifier - An agent that forms or preserves a mixture of substances normally incapable of being mixed eg. oil and water
  • Humectant - A substance that helps prevent food from drying out
  • Stabiliser - A substance that maintains the uniform dispersal of substances in a food
  • Sweetener - A substance which imparts a sweet taste to food for fewer kilojoules than sugar
  • Thickener - A substance that increases the viscosity of a food

Data according to various sources such as fao, fda, codex. Spot a mistake? Tell us!

Country Status Matched Term
United States
Approved Xylitol
European Union
Approved Xylitol
Australia and New Zealand
Approved Xylitol
Afghanistan
Unknown None
Philippines
Approved Xylitol
Austria
Approved Xylitol
Belgium
Approved Xylitol
Bulgaria
Approved Xylitol
Cyprus
Approved Xylitol
Czech Republic
Approved Xylitol
Denmark
Approved Xylitol
Estonia
Approved Xylitol
Finland
Approved Xylitol
France
Approved Xylitol
Germany
Approved Xylitol
Greece
Approved Xylitol
Hungary
Approved Xylitol
Ireland
Approved Xylitol
Italy
Approved Xylitol
Latvia
Approved Xylitol
Lithuania
Approved Xylitol
Luxembourg
Approved Xylitol
Malta
Approved Xylitol
Netherlands
Approved Xylitol
Poland
Approved Xylitol
Portugal
Approved Xylitol
Romania
Approved Xylitol
Slovakia
Approved Xylitol
Slovenia
Approved Xylitol
Spain
Approved Xylitol
Sweden
Approved Xylitol
United Kingdom
Approved Xylitol
Australia
Approved Xylitol
New Zealand
Approved Xylitol

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Aggravates food intolerances - yes

E967 - Xylitol: Diarrheoa, stomach upsets,tumours in animal tests, possible carcinogen

Additive Alert

Halal - yes

E967 - Xylitol: A sugar alcohol.

Muslim Consumer Group

Aggravates food intolerances - yes

E967 - Xylitol: Humectant, artificial sweetener, stabiliser, bulking agent, sugar substitute. Found in raspberries, plums, lettuce and endives, though produced for commercial purposes from wood pulp; caused kidney stones and a diuretic effect on test rats, "a waste of time and the lives of the rats", for the JEFCA in 1983 ruled the tests invalid in relation to humans, the symptoms caused by 'physiological disturbances' in the rats!, we can only imagine what conditions led to upset rats. Used in low-joule foods and carbohydrate modified sweets, ice-cream chocolate, and jams; laxative in high concentrations. Xylitol is partly absorbed and metabolised as sugar by the body; the remaining fraction is fermented in the large intestine. During fermentation, gases are produced, which may cause bloating and flatulence. In intolerant persons it can act as a laxative. Side effects normally occur after an intake of 25-30 grams in a single dose, which is far above the usage in normal foods. Xylitol can be used by all religious groups, vegans and vegetarians. The term carbohydrate alcohol is a chemical definition; xylitol does not contain alcohol (ethanol).

MBM Foods

Aggravates food intolerances - yes

E967 - Xylitol: Humectant, artificial sweetener, stabiliser, bulking agent, sugar substitute. Found in raspberries, plums, lettuce and endives, though produced for commercial purposes from wood pulp; caused kidney stones and a diuretic effect on test rats, "a waste of time and the lives of the rats", for the JEFCA in 1983 ruled the tests invalid in relation to humans, the symptoms caused by 'physiological disturbances' in the rats!, we can only imagine what conditions led to upset rats. Used in low-joule foods and carbohydrate modified sweets, ice-cream chocolate, and jams; laxative in high concentrations. Xylitol is partly absorbed and metabolised as sugar by the body; the remaining fraction is fermented in the large intestine. During fermentation, gases are produced, which may cause bloating and flatulence. In intolerant persons it can act as a laxative. Side effects normally occur after an intake of 25-30 grams in a single dose, which is far above the usage in normal foods. Xylitol can be used by all religious groups, vegans and vegetarians. The term carbohydrate alcohol is a chemical definition; xylitol does not contain alcohol (ethanol).

MBM Foods

Aggravates food intolerances - maybe

E967 - Xylitol: Laxative in high concentrations.

Angelfire-Food Intolerance, Allergies and Adverse Reactions

Genetically engineered - yes

E967 - Xylitol: Traditionally, xylitol is produced chemically from wood sugar (xylose), which is available from wood chips produced in the paper industry. Xylose occurs in the tissue of many plants, such as birchwood, straw, corncobs and coconuts. Additionally,glucose can be the base material for the production of xylitol. This develops in the process of starch saccharification of plant starch. If glucose is won from maize or maize starch it may consist partly of genetically modified maize, especially when the raw materials are imported from the USA or Argentina. In the EU, genetically modified maize is grown on a comparatively small area and nonetheless is not used as raw material for foodstuff. This may change in the case that the cultivation of GM maize increases in significance. Enzymes solubilise plant starch and metabolise it into compounds classified as ingredients and additives. Several such enzymes, such as amylases, glucose-isomerase and pullulanase, are produced with help of GM-microorganisms. In the USA, a procedure has been developed to produce xylitol with help of GM microorganisms (Escherichia coli). The bacteria was altered in order to solubilise particular forms of plant cellulose (the structural substance of plant cells) and can produce xylitol. There is no information on the prospective commercial use of this procedure.

GMO Compass

Derived from plant products - maybe

E967 - Xylitol: Humectant, found in raspberries, plums, lettuce and endives, though produced for commercial purposes from wood pulp; used in low-joule foods and carbohydratemodified sweets, icecream and jams

DFlock

Aggravates food intolerances - yes

E967 - Xylitol: Diarrheoa, stomach upsets,tumours in animal tests, possible carcinogen

Additive Alert

kannit
newtol
pentane-1,2,3,4,5-pentol

Collection of sources used to create this food additive summary.

Source
Codex Alimentarius
Food Standards Australia New Zealand
UK Food Guide
UK Food Standards Agency
U.S. Food and Drug Administration
Wikipedia

Lists the U.S. CAS (Chemical Abstracts Service) registry number and EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) numbers when known.

  • CAS Number: 87-99-0
  • EINECS Number: 201-788-0
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